Because HIV/AIDS and sexual orientation have actually been conflated, individuals coping with the illness are stigmatized (Herek, Capitanio, & Widaman). Extra facets that donate to the prejudice and discrimination faced by individuals coping with HIV/AIDS include misunderstanding of, or misinformation about, the herpes virus (Ritieni, Moskowitz, & Tholandi), basic homophobia and racism (Brooks, Etzel, Hinojos, Henry, & Perez), and also the undeniable fact that the herpes virus is spread through behavior that a lot of people or teams condemn as objectionable (Kopelman). While an AIDS diagnosis was a death phrase, significant advances that are medical the treating HIV/AIDS have actually lead to its reconceptualization as a chronic infection (Pierret).
Whenever performing an assessment that is initial psychologists are advised in order to prevent any presumptions with respect to a clientвЂ™s HIV serostatus based on intimate orientation or any other demographic faculties. There isn’t any way that is reliable understand the HIV serostatus of every customer without asking straight. more over, by broaching this subject openly, psychologists create a chance to provide accurate preventive academic informative data on HIV for several their customers ( e.g., safer/riskier intimate behavior), along with to deliver help to those who find themselves HIV-positive ( e.g., motivating them to get or carry on health care bills). Psychologists ought to receive the necessity information to help you to discuss HIV avoidance methods along with their customers.
Psychologists make an effort to comprehend and take into account the impact of societal marginalization as a consequence of the initial numerous oppressed identities as well as other facets ( e.g., intimate minority, racial/ethnic minority, low socioeconomic status, impairment, etc.) of every of these customers managing HIV/AIDS. (więcej…)